Sun: our skin’s ally…or not?

The phrase “The No.1 anti-aging product is sunscreen” is no coincidence. When solar radiation penetrates our skin, cell renewal is affected, which leads to loss of elasticity, spots and wrinkles.

Risks from sun exposure

The sun emits UVA and UVB rays, the main culprits for skin damage such as premature aging, dark spots, wrinkles and, most seriously, skin cancer. More specifically, solar radiation can change the structure of the skin’s collagen and elastin fibers, thus accelerating its aging.

Did you know that even on cloudy days up to 80% of the sun’s ultraviolet rays can affect the skin? Especially in snowy or coastal areas with sandy beaches, the sun’s rays are reflected. Now you know!

Although most people enjoy sunbathing and tanning, it is important to be aware of the negative effects they can have on our skin in the long term:

Protection from solar radiation

Undoubtedly, sunlight triggers the synthesis of two very important compounds for the human body: Vitamin D, a strong ally of our immune system, and Melanin, our natural “shield” of protection against solar radiation. However, Melanin can absorb 50-75% of ultraviolet radiation, so the question justifiably arises: how will I protect myself from the rest?

So, this is where sunscreens take over!

These are specially designed products with sun filters, i.e. active ingredients that prevent radiation from reaching the skin and are divided into two major categories: Organic and Inorganic sun filters. Organic (chemical) sunscreen filters protect by specifically absorbing the sun’s rays and converting them into more harmless forms of energy, mainly heat, while Inorganic (natural) ones work like a “mirror”, reflecting the sun’s rays.

Tips for effective sun protection

To protect the skin from the harmful effects of solar radiation, dermatologists recommend:

SEARCH FOR SHADOW
The sun’s rays are strongest between 10:00 A.M. and 2:00 p.m., so during this time we avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and stay in the shade. As for infants, their exposure to the sun is contraindicated.

CLOTHES
We dress to protect ourselves from the sun, wearing a light and long-sleeved shirt, trousers, a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses.

SUNSCREEN
We apply sunscreen to all the skin not covered by clothing. It is very important to set the right criteria for choosing a sunscreen. In order to effectively protect our skin, we choose a sunscreen that offers broad spectrum protection, water resistance and SPF30 or higher.

Sunscreen is not effective if it is not applied correctly. Therefore, we follow the steps below:

  • APPLICATION OF SUNSCREEN 15′ BEFORE EXIT

  • APPLY SUFFICIENT QUANTITY OF SUNSCREEN

  • APPLICATION TO THE WHOLE BARE SKIN

  • REPEAT APPLICATION EVERY 2 HOURS

It takes about 15 minutes for the sunscreen to be absorbed by the skin and protect it. The duration of sun protection depends on several factors, such as the intensity of the sun, the time of day and the amount of product applied. In general, it is recommended to reapply sunscreen every two hours, especially after sweating or swimming. It is important to apply enough sunscreen to cover all exposed skin such as the neck, ears, lips, etc.

In conclusion, the use of sunscreen should be an integral part of our daily skin care, especially during the summer months or when we are exposed to the sun for long periods of time. So, when we choose a sunscreen, we take into account all the factors mentioned in this article in order to keep our skin healthy and without the risk of sunburn.

We take care of our skin and enjoy the sun fearlessly!

Discover the SUN CARE range from Helenvita.